Scientometric studies cover a wide array of datasets, methodologies, and results. Analysis can lead to several types of insights, as a result of asking and answering the questions "what?", "where?", "when?", and "with whom?" (topical, geospatial, temporal, and network analysis, respectively). Many studies also cover statistical surveys of scientometric datasets. For detailed descriptions of these types of scientometric analyses, see sections 4.5 Statistical Analysis through 4.9 Network Analysis.
Analysis can be performed on three major scales: micro/individual, meso/local, and macro/global. The Sci2 Sci2 Tool supports workflows in all fifteen varieties of scientometric studies, as well as combination and modeling studies. The following chapter describes the workflows used to conduct scientometric studies of each type and at each scale. Tables 5.1 and 5.2 show examples of studies in each category, several of which can be found in section 6 Sample Science Studies & Online Services.